The term drainage describes the river system of an area. Look at the physical flowing from different directions come together to form the main river, which ultímately drains into a large water body such as a lake or a sea or an ocean. The area drained by a single river system is called a drainage basin. A closer observation on a map will indicate that any elevated area, such as a mountain or an upland, separates two drainage basins. Such an upland is known as a water divide.   DRAINAGE SYSTEMS IN INDIA  The drainage systems of India are mainly controlled by the broad relief features of the subcontinent. Accordingly, the Indian rivers are divided into two major groups:  the …

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Health and Nutrition

It is required to study the Health and Nutrition to enhance the level of awareness among people especially in rural India. Regarding the benefits of adopting and practicing a healthy lifestyle while also talking care of proper nutrition in their routine lifestyle. Proper nutrition levels are pre-request to a progressive improvement in the health of any individual. Poshan Abhiyan is aimed at improving nutritional requirements for children, adolescence, pregnant women, and lactating mothers. Our lead article talks about the importance of overcoming the challenges of health and nutrition in order to transform the vision and result of Clean India Healthy India, malnutrition free India, and new India into reality. Health and Nutrition These goals can be achieved with the commitment …

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Health and Nutrition

Pastoralists in the Modern World

Nomads are people who do not live in one place but move from one area to another to earn their living. In many parts of India we can see nomadic pastoralists on the move with their herds of goats and sheep, or camels and cattle. Have you ever wondered where they are coming from and where they are headed? Do you know how they live and earn? What their past has been? Pastoralists  Pastoralists rarely enter the pages of history textbooks. When you read about the economy – whether in your classes of history or economics – you learn about agriculture and industry. Sometimes you read about artisans; but rarely about pastoralists. As if their lives do not matter. As …

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Pastoralists in the Modern World

The River Kosi

On 18 August 2008, the river was wreaked havoc, when the Cochin picked up a channel that it had abandoned over 100 years ago near the Nepal India border. Lakhs of people on both sides of the border were affected as the river broke its embankment at Kusama in Nepal. Thus submerging several districts of the two nations. In Bihar, over 2.5 children, women, and men are experiencing mental and physical shock and suffering due to displacement from their homes, deficiency of food intake, lack of access to clean drinking water and spread of epidemics. Women and children as well as the most about 95% of the total floor, of course, she is now passing through the new course. Calling …

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River Kosi

Water and sanitation for healthy India

Water and sanitation for healthy India – In India, the provision of clean drinking water has been given priority in the constitution. Article 47 conferring the duty of providing clean water and improving public health standards to the state. Water is also in the main agenda item of the sustainable development goals. Sustainable development goal 6 especially focuses on this issue: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Water is the most precious essential commodity in the lives of the human being and every human being has the right to have continuous availability of potable water. Continuous availability of potable water is one of the important parameter of human index. Money and Supply of Money Water …

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Water and sanitation for healthy India


Even through some organisms, such as sponges, jellyfish and sea anemones, look like vegetables they belong to the animal kingdom. Many of these simple Invertebrates are unable to move from one place to another. Some even lack certain tissues or an entire respiratory or digestive system. Other, more developed especially species such as squid and octopus can move about and have become skilled marine predators. Cephalopods are the most highly evolved molluscs. Their heads have highly developed eyes, a mouth with two hornlike jaws, and tentacles with suckers to trap their prey. Some cephalopods live in deep sea waters, whereas others stay close to shore. Characteristics of Invertebrates Many of the numerous invertebrates on the earth live in the ocean. …

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Fish and Amphibians

Fishes: Fish were the first vertebrates with bony skeleton to appear on the earth. They doubtless from the most numerous group of vertebrates. Unlike today’s fish, the earliest fish had no scales, filns aur jawbone, but they did have a type of dorsal fin. Over time they have been changing in form and size to adopt to different environments in both freshwater and saltwater. Their bodies are generally streamlined, being covered with smooth scales and have fins that enable them to move with energy, direction and stability. In place of lungs, these complex creature normally breathe through gills that capture oxygen dissolved in the water and they are cold blooded. Amphibians The word amphibians made of amphi and bios. Amphi …

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Colour plays a very important role in the life of iguanas and lizards. It helps to differentiate males and females, and when it is time to attract a male, the members of the iguana family communicate by showing bright colours and folds of skin. Another particularly that distinguishes iguanas is there covering of epidermal scales. In addition like all the tiles day or not capable of generating internal heat, so they depend on external factor to maintain their body temperature. Skin with scales Reptiles are vertebrate, meaning that they or animal with a spinal column. There skin is hard, dry and flaky. Like birds, most reptile 7 born from eggs deposit on land. The offspring hatch fully formed without passing …

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Many scientists maintain that birds descended from dinosaurs because fossils of dinosaur specimens with feathers have been found. As a group, birds have exceptional eyesight – they have the largest eyes in relation to the size of their bodies. In addition, they have very light bones, which are suitable for flight. Just like their bills, birds’ fleet have also changed in accordance with the functions and particular needs of each species. For instance walking birds like other vertebrate groups – display a mark the tendency toward having a reduced number of toes, ostriches. Some birds of prey, such as eagles, have fleet that are veritable hooks. Skeleton and Masculature Both light weight and resistant, the skeleton of birds underwent important …

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All mammals have stereoscopic vision, which gives them depth perception. Moreover, in the case of hunters such as tigers, their night vision is six times keener than that of humans. There are many species that have a very keen sense of smell, and the sense of taste is closely linked to that of smell. Hair, too, performs various functions in these animals’ lives – conserving body heat, providing protection and serving as camouflage. Mammals Mammals share a series of characteristics that distinguish their class: a body covered by hair, the birth of live young and the feeding of newborns on milk produced by the females mammary glands. All breathe through lungs and all processes a closed circulatory system and the …

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Mammals Qualities

Amazing Animals

From the frozen poles to the sunless depths of ocean, from highest mountains to arid deserts, every region of our planet has been colonized by animals. Animals live in interactive partnerships with other species and with their physical environments. 🐂🐃🐅🐆🐇🐋🐌🐏🐐🐕🐖🐘🐙🐨🐩🐪🐫🐭🐮🐯🐳🐴🐶🐷🦌🦖🦓 Without animals, human could not survive. Amazing Animals Modern science is showing us how all living things are interconnected in complex ecosystem. By learning more about animals, we will be better able to conserve the natural world and to protect the earth’s wildlife for future generation. The family of Animals looks at five groups of animals: Mammals Birds Reptiles Fish and Amphibians Invertebrates 1. Mammals Mammals are the smallest group, but the mammals include the largest animal, the blue whale. …

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Deforestation Causes and Effects

Deforestation Deforestation means that the destruction of trees from big areas like the forest. Because of this deforestation and cutting of trees and Woods, there will be a great cause of land pollution.Trees and Woods are important for our environment if they are not there in the environment; they can cause great damage to our nature.People cut trees for their work; they did not think about environmental causes. People cut the whole area of forest for their own need to built-in their own houses industries. Woods from trees are also used to make papers. Forest covers the most area of land, and if people cut the forest, there will be a great loss for the environment. Not only for the …

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Deforestation Causes and Effects

Natural resources and it’s uses

Natural resources are derived from the environment. These are necessary for our survival but most of them are used for satisfying our bonds. Natural resources In fact, natural resources are material and components which are found in our environment. Every product made by human beings is composed of resources. In natural source may exist as a separate entity such as water, air, soil, metal was minerals, land, forest, wildlife and many forms of energy. These can be classified into Renewable resources and Nonrenewable resources. 1. Renewable resources: These are those which are again release placed naturally such as light sunlight, air, wind. These are those which are persistently available and their quantity is not usually affected by human consumption. In …

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Natural resources and it's uses

Water Conservation as a National Movement

India is going to recognise as New India. New India is not only the change in name. It is to change India, to transform India. The transformation is not only limited to other sectors. Resource conservation methods must be transformed. So, there is a need for “Water Conservation as a National Movement”. India is not only committed to fulfilling its international obligations towards biodiversity conservation, environmental management, climate change mitigation, social justice, equity as well as peace. India faces several limitations and global challenges in order to realise his dreams, expectation and ever-rising aspirations of its people. Signs of water scarcity by way of limited asses declining quantity and deteriorating quality are evident. Everyone realised that water is not only …

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