A Constitution is a fundamental legal which the government of a country functions, These rules or laws are called the basic laws these laws are superior to all the laws of a country. That is, the laws written in the Constitution act as the source according to which rules and regulations of governing a country are framed. Every law enacted by the government has to be in conformity with the Constitution. But, the constitution constantly grows and evolves according to the needs, requirements and aspirations of the people and functioning institutions.
A Constitution signifies Independence. It establishes the main organs of the government – the legislature, the executive and the Judiciary. A Constitution defines the powers and responsibilities of each organ of the government. It regulates the relationship between the three organs and also with the people. It also enumerates our rights and duties as citizens.
It contains national goals such as democracy, secularism and socialism. To achieve these goals, it envisages various plans for implementation by the government. Every Constitution gets meaning and content only from the manner in which and by whom it is operated. In this way, our Constitution is very important to us. It is our foremost duty to respect our constitution.
Need of a Constitution
Every organisation or society needs certain rules and regulations for its smooth functioning. For example, we play games like cricket, football, etc. Each game has some rules according to which it is played. These rules help to define the game. They also help us in distinguishing one game from another.
Like these games, a society or country also needs some fundamental rules that are included in this. These rules make it what it is and differentiate it from other kinds of societies. That is why most countries in the world have a Constitution. In a democratic country like India, the importance of the Constitution is more significant.
The Constitution is needed for the following reasons :
- In a democratic government, the citizens participate in the functioning of the government – directly or indirectly. It is the Constitution in which the government’s powers and citizens’ rights are clearly defined.
- It prevents the government from misusing its rights and thus, safeguards the rights of the citizens. A Constitution is not a mere document but, a living document. This means that it constantly grows and evolves according to the needs, requirements and aspirations of the people of the country.
- It consists of certain ideas that form the basis of the kind of country that we want as citizens. That is, it tells us the fundamental nature of our society. For example, after independence, we adopted a Constitution that reflects the ideals of our country. Similarly, Nepal adopted a new Constitution in order to usher in a new society, when it moved from a monarchy to a democratic government.
- A country is usually made up of different communities of people. The Constitution helps serve as a set of rules and principles that all persons in a country can agree upon the democracy.
- The constitution defines the nature of a country’s political system.