IAS Mains

Newspaper Analysis

Newspaper Analysis

Many Years ago, Newspaper having more importance than today. This is due to the emergence of television and the internet. But a UPSC aspirant knows it’s importance. Here, We are providing the Daily News Analysis for UPSC Current Affairs Preparation.
The newspaper contains two parts. One is news and second is a comment on the news (Editorial). When a big issue happens the comments on that comes in the editorial. News is written by Journalist. Editorials are written by Subject Expert. This module may be useful to cover Daily The Hindu Newspaper Analysis, Subjectwise Daily Current Affairs.

For Newspaper editorial Analysis, please click here

Newspaper Analysis

The Hindu, The Times of India are the most famous newspaper in India. Both are the most reading newspaper in India. But some tv channels discuss the issues in depth as in Desh Deshantar and Big Picture. Press Trust of India is the largest news agency in India. News is written by journalists and editorial by the topic expert.

Newspaper Analysis is enough for current affairs or not. now we will check this. As UPSC defined the syllabus for this exam as:

Events of National and International Importance

let’s first analyse the previous year questions on current affairs.

The number of question asked in the previous year papers of IAS exam are:

YearNo. of Questions
201915
201825
201733
201637

For Newspaper Analysis, What we do?

We provide two things

  1. The important clips of newspaper subjectwise.
  2. Daily and monthly test for self-assessment.
Internal use only

Here in this News Paper Analysis Course, we update it daily in the morning at 8:00 A.M. If today is Monday, then the analysis will be available on Tuesday at 8:00 A.M. We also categorise the daily articles according to the Subject. The main focus on the following Subjects:

  • Polity and Governance
  • Economy
  • Environment and Biodiversity
  • History and Culture
  • Science and Technology
  • Security
  • Editorial
  • Important Keywords in Trending

What to expect from you?

  1. Check the editorial on a specific issue comes, how many days? interlinks all these comments (editorial) on that issue. (It is a monthly process)
  2. Revise news daily to check what you have remembered.
  3. Give daily, weekly and monthly test

furthermore, I have a Suggestion to strength the current affairs as:

consequently, For suggestions and feedback, Please fill this form.

Thank You

Newspaper Editorial Analysis

Newspaper Editorial Analysis

News is written by journalist and editorials are written by a subject expert. It is an article that presents an opinion on an issue. Editorial writers build on an argument already made and try to persuade readers. Newspaper Analysis contains only the news analysis. Which can be accessed by clicking here

Types of Newspaper Editorial

There are mostly 4 types of Newspaper Editorial

  1. Explaining or interpreting: to explain how and why a newspaper or magazine took a certain stance on a controversial subject
  2. Criticizing: to criticizes actions or decisions made on a third party’s part in addition to offering a better solution.
  3. Persuading: to move the reader to action, concentrating on solutions
  4. Praising: to show support that has been done something notable.

Features of a Newspaper Editorial

  • An editorial is a mix of fact and opinions.
  • it to about 600-800 words.
  • News is only about. but editorial is who, what, when, where, why, and how.
  • The structure is always a feature of an editorial.

Structure of an Editorial

This will very helpful in Newspaper Editorial Analysis. Please understand it very carefully

  • The Introduction
    • Summarize what the whole editorial is about or should be designed to catch the reader’s attention.
    • It clearly states the argument. further body will be based on supporting this opinion.
  • Body
    • Explaining or interpreting: Lead with an objective, unbiased explanation of the issue.
    • Criticism: It is an opposition to the issue then Present the opposing argument first then it present reasons/evidence that directly refutes the opposition.
  • Conclusion
    • The conclusion contains a summary of the explanation, persuasion, criticism.

Newspaper Editorial Analysis

It is not necessary, in the newspaper, there will be only one editorial on a certain issue. Editorial comes regularly when the issue comes into the light.

How to analyse a Newspaper Editorial?

Newspaper Editorial can be analysed by two types

  • Issue-Based
  • Daily Based

issue based Newspaper Editorial Analysis is better than other one. It will present bunch of thought on a single place.

UPSC Calendar 2020 – UPSC Exam Date Sheet And UPSC Notification

Economic Survey of India

Economic Survey of India

Every year Department of Economic Affairs under the Ministry of Finance presents the Economic Survey of India. It is presented in the parliament. It presented just one day before the union budget.

  • Economic Survey is the flagship annual document of the Ministry of finance.
  • It gives a detailed account of the various sectors of the economy and overall economic scenario of the country in the past years and provides an outline for the year ahead.
  • Increasingly it has also become a forum for analysis and research on the economy, and hence also a source of policy ideas.
faq on Economic Survey
When was the first Economic Survey of India presented?

It was first presented for the session 1950-51.

When is Economic Survey presented every year?

It is presented every year in the Parliament during the Budget Session. The Economic Survey is presented normally a day before the presentation of the Union Budget in the Parliament by the Finance Minister.

Who prepares the Economic Survey?

The Economic Survey was prepared by the Economic Division of the Department of Economic Affairs in the Finance Ministry under the overall guidance of the Cheif Economic Adviser. After receiving inputs from the senior officers in the Ministry of Finance, the final version of the Economic Survey is scrutinized by the Finance Secretary and finally approved by the Union Finance Minister.

Why is it presented before the Budget?

The survey was de-linked from the Budget in the year 1964 and circulated in advance so that a context of the Budget can be provided. This way it helps in better understanding of the budget proposals.

Is India the only country that is coming out with an Annual Economic Survey?

No. Most of the developed and emerging countries in the world follow the tradition of bringing out Economic Surveys. USA, Scandinavian nations and EU etc publish their own Economic Survey.

What is the significance of the Economic Survey for Citizens?

Bringing citizens close to economic policymaking by providing data and analysis in a comprehensible manner is one of the services and the challenges of the Economic Survey. Citizen awareness and participation are key to democratize policies and economic decision making. For this reason, the Chief Economic Adviser and the Economic Division conduct extensive outreach to disseminate the Survey.

In which language Economic Survey presented?

It should also be noted that the text of the Economic Survey is presented in both English and Hindi, separately.

What is the structure of the survey?

The economic survey consists of 2 volumes:
Volume 1 consists of future forecasts and focuses on specific issues.
Volume 2 analyses the economic conditions in the previous 12 months. It has a sector-based approach. It also contains forecasts for the medium and short term.

How to read the Economic Survey?

As you have seen from the contents, the Survey touches on all aspects of the syllabus. It is recommended that you go through the entire survey at least once.

  • Vol 1 contains the future forecast and focuses on specific issues. Vol 2 is the economic condition of India in the previous 12 months.
  • Take up and focus on one part and move chapter-wise.
  • Make notes on the survey.
  • You can easily note down the benefits as bullet points in your notes and since most are self-explanatory you need not add more detail.
  • There are certain boxes that are given in the chapters of the Economic survey. Do NOT skip these boxes. Often prelims’ questions come directly from the boxes.
  • Note that the Survey is littered liberally with data. At first, it will be overwhelming. So learn to be selective.
  • It is a big document. Don’t try to complete in a day. Read one chapter daily.
  • For Volume 2, Chapter 1,5,7,8 and 9. For Volume 1, we recommend that you do not skip any because the content is highly useful across other papers as well – governance (General Studies 2), gender issues (General Studies 1) and even Essay.

UPSC Economics Syllabus

UPSC Economics Syllabus for prelims

Economic and Social Development: Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

UPSC Economics Syllabus for mains

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
  • Investment models.
Important Judgements

Important Judgements

The Judiciary System of India plays a very important role as the custodian of the Constitution of India by safeguarding the fundamental rights of the citizen of India. Supreme Court of India is the apex judicial court and the final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of judicial review. Here in this course, we are providing good coverage on Important Judgements of India.

Laws and Judiciary

Important Judgements means

Important Judgements and Cases of Indian Judiciary is very useful for IAS Pre & Mains. if you have cases of national and international importance then in mind then this will reflect in your mains answer and also in interview. Judiciary is depended on the laws and Laws are made separately at different levels. Laws are made by the Union Government for the whole country and by the State Governments for their respective states as well as by local municipal councils at the district level.

The legislative power of the states and the Centre are defined in the constitution and these powers are divided into three lists. Union list, state list and concurrent list are the subjects mentioned in the constitution of India. The subjects not mentioned in these lists are called residuary subject.

What we cover-

  1. What argument is given by Judiciary on petitions?
  2. Judgement on the issues of National importance.

Where to use these?

let’s see what a petition “a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority in respect of a particular cause.

  • While writing any answer in mains, We can directly use the given court explanation.
  • Judgments also generally provide the court’s explanation of why it has chosen to make a particular court order.
  • Revise quickly as you can file by file.

How to read this course?

  • There will be a number of cases.
  • To study more effectively, we put cases into File.
  • Every File contains 10 cases.
  • Most Recent File will be in the first place.
  • Every case has two part one is the Summary and second is the Source document.

furthermore, I have a Suggestion to strength the current affairs as:

consequently, For suggestions and feedback, Please fill this form.

Recent Bills and Acts

Recent Bills and Acts

Recent Bills and Acts of the parliament is the most important part of current affairs. These bills may be Constitutional Amendments or on other topics. The functioning of the Indian Parliament is tracking by the PRS. They track the status of the bill and provide a summary of the Bill. Bills in the parliament of India passed after a discussion.

Types of Bill in Parliament

Recent Bills and Acts

The status of the Bill may be from the following:

  • Draft
  • Passed
  • Lapsed
  • Pending
  • Withdrawn
  • Negatived
When will a Bill lapse?

>> A Bill pending in Parliament shall not lapse by reason of the prorogation of the Houses.
>> A Bill pending in the Council of States which has not been passed by the House of the People shall not lapse on a dissolution of the House of the People.
>> A Bill which is pending in the House of the People, or which have been passed by the House of the People is pending in the Council of States, shall subject to the provisions of article 108, lapse on a dissolution of the House of the People.

What is a draft Bill?

Draft Bills are Government Bills that are issued first in a draft form to allow them to be looked at in detail before they are introduced. 

What we do

We interlink the bills and acts to other sources and then conclude the bill.

furthermore, I have a Suggestion to strength the current affairs as:

consequently, For suggestions and feedback, Please fill this form.

Syllabus

IAS Pre and Mains Syllabus

Understanding the IAS prelims syllabus is the 10% success. IAS Pre and Mains Syllabus is an indication given by the Union Public Service Commission. First, we will see the structure of the exam then the syllabus according to papers. Also, some books recommended for the same.

The Structure of the Examination

Each one of these requirements is tested respectively through:
(a) Preliminary Examination (objective-type questions),
(b) Main Examination (written/descriptive-type questions),
(c) Interview Test (Personality Test).

Preliminary Exam (Paper – I/General Studies & Paper-II/CSAT)
Main Exam (General Studies Paper – I, II, III, IV and Essay)

ias prelims syllabus

UPSC Annual Calendar 2020

How to prepare Current Affairs?

I have a Suggestion to strength the current affairs as:

consequently, For suggestions and feedback, Please fill this form.

Preparation Strategy for IAS prelims syllabus

  • The candidate should see the last ten years’ question papers of ias prelims syllabus. These questions will give them a fair idea as to how the question is framed from the respective themes of the syllabus and also know the difficulty level.
  • Current Events of National and International Importance – Here, questions generally revolve around such happenings that have taken place during the previous 12 months.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement – Under this topic, questions include social, economic and political aspects of ancient, medieval and modern Indian history. Special emphasis should be given to 19th century resurgence and the attainment of the Indian Independence.
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World – Geography questions usually focus on Indian geography, with regard to physical, social and economic aspects.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues etc. – In these topics, an analysis of the previous years’ questions suggests that majority of the questions cover the themes related to the Indian Constitution and the existing political system.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc. – Recent developments in the field of economic priorities are also a favourite area for questioning. The candidate should be more focused on various policy programmes initiated by the government to eradicate poverty.