Physical geography of India and World
Economic and Human Geography of India and World


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physical geography

Definition of Geography

Scholars defined geography as

The discription of the earth as the adobe of human being.

Geography is concerned with the discription and explanation of the areal differenciation of the earth surface.

Richard Hartshorne

It studies the differences of phenomena usually related in different parts of the earth’s surface.


Branches of Geography

Based on the systematic approach geography are of following types

  • Physical Geography
  • Human Geography
  • Biogeography

Physical Geography

It includes the study of lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere.

  • lithosphere
    • landforms
    • drainage
    • relief
    • physiography
  • Atmosphere
    • Composition
    • Structure
    • Elements and controls of weather and climate
    • Temperature
    • Pressure
    • Winds
    • Precipitation
    • Climate types
  • Hydrosphere
    • Oceans
    • Seas
    • Lakes
    • Water realm
  • Biosphere
    • Lifeforms
      • Human being
      • Micro-organisms
    • Food chain
    • Ecological Parameters
    • Ecological Balance

Human Geography

It reflects how human activity affects or is influenced by the earth’s surface.

Bio Geography

The interaction between the physical environment and human beings has lead to the development of Biogeography.

Further Reading for a basic introduction

Physical Geography
Human Geography

Water : Colour & Purity