Physical geography of India and World
Economic and Human Geography of India and World

Population Composition

Population Composition

People can be distinguished by their

  • Age, Sex, Place of residence, education, occupation and others.

Sex Composition

  • theratio between the number of women and the men in the population is called the sex ratio.
  • It is an important information about the status of women in a country.
  • It is calculated by the number of females per thousand male.

From data –

  • The highest sex ratio in the world has been recorded in Latvia where there are 85 males on 100 females.
  • Asia has a low sex ratio countries like china , India , Saudi Arabia, pakistan , afghanistan have a lower sex ratio.

Age Structure

Age Structure represents the number of people of different age groups.

Age sex pyramid

Age sex pyramid is a population indicator in which shown that number of females and males in different age groups.

  • Expanding population
  • Constant population
  • Declining population

. .

Rural-urban composition

  • Rural areas are those where people engaged in the primary activity .
  • Urban areas are those where majority people not engaged in primary activity.
  • So, rural urban composition aspect is most required study because their livelihood style in their area.


  • Socio-economic development indicates that

Standard of living,
Social status of females,
availability of educational faculties,
policies of government.

  • In India literacy rate denote the population above 7 years which is able to read write and able to do arithmetic calculations.

Occupational Structure

  • Agriculture , forestry , fishing and mining are classified as a primary activity.
  • Manufacturing as secondry
  • Transport ,communication and other services related to tertiary
  • The job related to reserch and developing idea as quaternary activity.

now i will study the development of this population and their activities in the next chapters namely,

  1. Human development
  2. Primary activities
  3. Secondary activities
  4. Tertiary and quaternary activities.