A Plateau is a large high area of flat land. It is also known as a high plain or a tableland. Plateaus can be formed by a number of processes, including upwelling of volcanic magma, extrusion of lava, and erosion by water and glaciers.
Formation– can be formed by many processes including upwelling of volcanic magma, extrusion of lava, and erosion by water and glaciers.
The largest and highest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau. Sometimes Tibetan Plateau is also known as the roof of the world.
Types of Plateau
According to surrounding environment, Plateaus are of three types.
- Deccan Plateau is a largest plateau in India, making up the majority of the southern part of the country. It arises a hundred metres high in the north. It rising further to more than a kilometre high in the south. It extends over 8 Indian states and encompasses a wide range of habitats, covering most of Central and Southern India. It is located between three mountain ranges: the Western Ghats form its Western boundary, and the eastern Ghats it’s eastern boundary.
- Chottanagpur Plateau of Jharkhand is the plateau with gnesis, Schists and Dharwar series. The tableland is known for rich metalliferous deposit and thus has largest number of core sector industries.
- Dandkarnaya and Chhattisgarh the table land of Chhattisgarh and Orissa known for dharwar series and thus iron ore deposit. Bila dila mines are located here. Dominated by tribal living the region. However it is primitive in its economic development.
- Bander and Baghelkhand Plateau lies at interstate boundary of Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh structurally part of vindhya and are thus limestone rich stratas.
- Mysore Plateau the Piedmont extension of Western Ghat. this is known for mild climate and resource which Hinterland that makes it industrial in its economic characteristics.
- Andaman Islands are a group of islands in the bay of Bengal, and are part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory of India. Port Blair is the chief community on the vigilance and the administrative centre of the union territory. These are the continental and referring peaks of submerged fold relief.
- Barren Islands in Andaman Islands, India is the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia. The island, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Island, lies in the Andaman sea nearly 135 kilometre North East of the capital Port Blair. The first recorded in absence of the volcano dates back to 1787. since then the volcano has erupted more than 6 times, most recently on 28 May 2005.
- Lakshadweep is the smallest union territory of India. it consists of 12 coral atolls, three coral reefs and five banks. The total land area of the territory 32 kilometre square. the island are located in the Arabian sea between 200 to 300 km off the coast of Kerala.
- Elephanta Island is one of the famous is land in Mumbai harbour India. this monkey in first stage is land is a tourist hotspot because of the islands cave temple, the elephanta caves, that have been carved out of Rock.
- Nicobar Island are an island chain in the eastern Indian Ocean, and are part of India. it represents small south extension of submerged south of Andaman sea. The Nicobar Island include 22 island of various sizes, the largest being great Nicobar. the total land area of the chain is 1841 kilometre square.
- Great Nicobar is the largest of the Nicobar is land of India, north of Sumatra. Indira point, it’s South third most tip, is also the south and most point of India. Dyes lined covers 1045 km square but is sparsely inhabited, largely being covered by rainforest and known for its diverse wildlife.