Digital Literacy – With the modern-day technical advancement and large-scale consumption of mobile phones as the consumer market, India is a country where awareness and literacy regarding the digital aspect of communication are of utmost necessity. Computers, the internet, and mobile phones have become a seminal part of our existence. Thus, the degree of familiarity with the technological and digital platform decides how effectively can the communication of content, ideas, information, and entertainment takes place in this generation take place.
Importance of Digital Literacy
It is imperative to develop an effective and competent framework of the digital organization since the world is only a click away and information has been digitized and compressed. To get ready for the surge of digital transformation, India needs to build its digital skills, beginning with the digital awareness and education of its citizens. To stay well-connected with the world and be ineffective in communicating developmental ideas and translating the vision of rapid growth into reality, digital literacy is a must in today’s world.
Government Endeavours To Strengthen Digital Literacy in India
Under the Digital India campaign, the government has taken numerous initiatives to bring about digital literacy in the country. Some of the endeavors are:
Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (DISHA)
National Digital Literacy Mission (NDLM) Scheme has been initiated by the government in order to impart IT training to citizens who are not literate in the IT sphere. This scheme aims at making target groups like the Angawadis, ASHA workers, sanctioned ration dealers, etc IT literate and enable them to effectively and actively participate in the national developmental course of action, by augmenting their livelihoods through digital literacy.
Digitize India Platform (DIP)
This is an initiative of the Union Government under the Digital India Programme. DIP is an interface that provides digitisation services for scanned images of documents or physical copies for any organisation. This scheme aims at creating a digital repository of all existing content, which includes the certificates and degrees of people, in various formats and media in a digitised pattern.
Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)
DBT was brought underway with the objective to identify beneficiaries and accurately target them by directly transferring funds into their account, doing away with any sort of middlemen in the process. It is an initiative to reform the delivery system of the government and ensure efficient, effective, non-duplicable, and faster. It is simpler to transfer information/funds in order to achieve the goal of “Maximum Governance, Minimum Government”. DBT promotes greater transparency and lesser fraud so as to make the government accountable and inspire more confidence in the people in governance.
AADHAR and AADHAAR Enabled Payment System
AADHAR platform is one of the main pillars of the Digital India Platform, AADHAR number, or the unique identity number is generated by using a person’s biometric specifications. This platform has the largest biometrics-based recognition system, and is “a strategic policy tool for social and financial inclusion, public sector delivery reforms,” to “promote hassle-free people-centric governance.”
Similarly, the AADHAR-enabled payment system lets the customer use his/her AADHAR card as identity proof and link the bank to AADHAR to carry out digital payment activities. This model brings into force “financial inclusion”.
Saugamya Bharat Abhiyan
It is a pan-India flagship campaign that is also known as the Accessible India Campaign. This campaign aims at achieving “universal accessibility” for people with disabilities in order for them to have an access to equal opportunity, independent living, and inclusive socio-economic development.
This app has been created to enable the farmers to stay updated with the crop prices in order to ensure the best market for the sale of their crop and assess the market conditions beforehand. This app automatically traces the location of the farmer through GPS and fetched the market prices of the crops within a range of 50km. the app has been helpful in preventing the farmers from carrying out “distress sales.”
Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM)
This app makes bank transactions simple, swift, and uncomplicated. It enables the bank to bank direct transfer, which is done using a mobile phone.
Cyber Swachhta Kendra
Under this initiative of the government, the main task of the center is to quarantine and safeguard cyberspace by spotting botnet infections and subsequently notify the end-users to prevent further damage. This falls within the purview of the National Cyber Security Policy that aims to ensure a clean cyber ecosystem.
Vittiya Saksharta Abhiyan (VISAKA)
Launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, VISIKA is said to be the “biggest digital transformation of the country after Independence” The principle of the Vittiya Saksharta Abhiyan’ is to energetically connect the Higher Education Institutions and their students and encourage all payers and payees to use a “digitally enabled cashless economic system” for their fund transfer.
To keep abreast of the evolutionary shifts that the modern age technical innovations bring with them, it is necessary that individuals are provided with apt resources and information that would create awareness and make practical use effective and easy.
Educating people about various facets of socio-economic and developmental concepts is a step taken towards efficient and productive governance. The concept of financial and digital literacy is important in the present-day scenario and India has already started moving towards realizing the value the digital and financial transformation and taping into the benefits from them.