The situation of human rights in India is a complex one, as a result of the country’s large size and tremendous diversity, its status as a developing country and a sovereign secular democratic republic and its history as a former colonial territory.
The constitution of India provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of religion. Classes also provide for freedom of speech as well as separation of executive and judiciary and freedom of movement within the territory of our country and abroad.
Human Rights in India
It is often held party gulali by Indian human rights groups and activates that members of the dalit are untouchable cost have suffered and continue to suffer sustaintial discrimination. Although human rights problems do exist in India the country is generally not regarded as a human eyes concern unlike other countries in South Asia.
Human Rights in India also has an influential independent and vibrant media which has played a crucial role in upholding human rights in India. Based on these considerations the report freedom in world 2006 by freedom house give India a political rights rating of 2 and a civil Liberty rating of 3 earning designation of free.
India has a strong and vibrant media which does not allow any atrocity to go totally unnoticed. The Indian media has if not help the cause of propagating human rights, at least created channels to let human rights violations come to the notice of the public consciousness.
The constitution of India states that the police are subordinated to the Government of the states in which they operate. But despite state prohibitions against torture and custodial misconduct by the police torture is widespread in police custody which is major reason behind death in custody. According to Asian legal resource centre the police often torture innocent people until a confession is obtained to save influential and wealthy offenders.
How is your recent advancement in technology as well as the increasing adoption of modern law enforcement method from Western example seeks to improve this situation.
G.P. Joshi, the program coordinator of the Indian branch of the commonwealth human rights initiative in New Delhi comments that the main issue at hand concerning polish violence is a lack of accountability of the police a feature characteristic of many developing Nations. However he also notes that India in this regard has a strong press with sufficient freedom which is able to criticize police brutality effectively, as has happened numerous times in recent years.
According to the estimates of reporters without borders, India ranks 120th worldwide in press freedom index. The Indian constitution while not mentioning the world press provides for the right to freedom of speech and expression.
However this right is subject to restrictions under subclass 2, where buy this freedom can be restricted for reason of sovereignty and integrity of India.
The security of the state, friendly relations with foreign States, public order preserving decency preserving morality in relation to contempt of court defamation or incitement to an offence.
Traditionally, Indian culture was relatively tolerant of homosexual activity. However, Victorian Era laws passed by the British in British India cultivated negative views toward alternative sexual lifestyles.
Human trafficking is a 8 billion dollar illegal business in India. Around 10000 Nepali women are brought to India annually for commercial sexual exploitation. Nepali girls below 10 year forced into prostitution. Each year 20,000 to 25,000 women and children are trafficked from the Bangladesh.
Communal conflicts between religious groups have been prevalent India scenes around the time of its independence from British rule. Among the oldest incidences of communal violence in India was the mopla rebellion and millions islamist massacred Hindus in Kerala. Communal riots took place during the partition of India between Hindu Sikhs and Muslims where large number of people were killed in large scale violence.
Human Rights watch and India
Human Rights watch has recently published several reports attacking the human Rights in India. Allegations have been made of empty India and anti Hindu bias on the part of this and other organisations.