The right to education (RTE) act had been one of the country’s most defining moments. Like all momentous decisions, the decision to bring about this legislation was also the culmination of deep thought and earnest attempt over a number of decades, to user in universal education. We have come a long way from 1910 when Gopal Krishna Gokhale demanded free and compulsory primary education in India to 2002. When the article 21a was inserted in the constitution of India which declared that the state shall provide free and compulsory education to all the children of age 6 to 14 years in such manner as the state may by law determine.
Just like human being nations too, have their own chequered stories to tell. India’s story has been particularly interesting. In this eventful journey the passing of the right to education act had been one of the country’s most defining moments.
Main Features of the Act
It is important to be familiar with the provisions of the RTE if we are 2 fully compressed it’s intended and actual impact. The act makes education a fundamental right of every child between the age 6 to 14 years and specified minimum condition are input criteria that have to be met in the elementary school. It mandates all private school to reserve 25% of seat absolutely free of cost for children belonging to the disadvantage category which to be reimbursed by the state.
Quality of education in school has also been given a top priority in the right to education act. Section 29 of the Act provides for curriculum and evaluation procedure in elementary schools. State government are required to prescribe the academic authority to lay down the curriculum and evaluation procedure. In doing so, the academic authority must ensure adherence to the following at factor as a state in the RTE Act:
- Conformity with constitutional values
- All round development of the child
- Building the child’s knowledge potentially and talent
- Development of physical and mental abilities to the fullest extent
- Learning through activities discovery and exploration in a child friendly and child centred manner
- The child’s mother tounge serving as far as practicable as the medium of instruction.
- Making the child free of fear, trauma and anxiety and helping the child to express your views freely
- Comprehensive and continuous evaluation of the child’s understanding and knowledge and the ability to apply it.
Quality improvement in education is much needed outcome for India to remain competitive in the global sphere. This would require education policy to acknowledge that qualities pens on a wide range of expected ranging from the size of the school system financial capability strength of teachers unions teacher capabilities and variabilities in performing across the state. It also needs to account for transparency in decision making within the states please in three ke seeds inform the implementation of interventions for an educational transformation to be successful.