Indian Constitution Amendment

Like any other written constitution, the constitution of India also provides for amendment. The procedure is neither easy as in Britain nor as difficult as in the USA. In part XX with Article 368 specially made for amendment by the power of parliament. But in 1973 case, Supreme Court ruled that the Parliament cannot amend those provision which forms the “basic structure” of the constitution.

Originally on 26 November 1950Presently in 2018
One Preamble
XXII Parts covering 1-395 articles.
8 Schedules 
One Preamble
XXII Parts covering 1-395 articles.
12 Schedules
101 Amendments

Basic Features of Indian Constitution

The following have emerged as basic features of indian constitution.

  1. Supremacy of the constitution
  2. Sovereign democratic Republican nature of Indian polity
  3. The secular character of the constitution
  4. Federal character of the Constitution
  5. Unity and integrity of the Constitution
  6. Welfare state
  7. Separation of powers between the legislature and the executive and the judiciary
  8. Powers of the supreme court under article 32 136 141 and 142
  9. Principal of reasonableness
  10. Effective access to justice
  11. Limited power of Parliament to amend the constitution
  12. Independence of Judiciary
  13. Free and fair elections
  14. Principle of equality
  15. Rule of law
  16. Parliamentary system
  17. Freedom and dignity of the individual
  18. Judicial review

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