Indian Modern History

Indian Modern History

The Mughal Emperor Jahangir given permission to the British East India Company in 1617.

As a result of three Carnatic Wars the British East India company and exclusive control over entire Carnatic region of India.

The border dispute between Nepal and British India which happened after 1801. Had caused the Anglo Nepal war of 1814-16

Their Policy was sometimes summed up as

divide and rule

taking advantage of the inmate fostering between various princely states and social and religious groups.

Indian Modern History Governors

british, flag, british empire, Indian Modern History
Indian Modern History
  1. Robert Clive (1757-1760)
  2. Henry Vansittart (1760-1764)
  3. Robert Clive (1765-1766)
  4. Harry Vere 1st (1767-1769)
  5. John Cartier (1769-1772)
  6. Warren Hasting (1772-1774)
  7. Charles Cornwallis (1786-1793)
  8. Richard Wellesley (1798-1805)
  9. Charles Cornwallis (1805-1848)
  10. James Brown-Ramsay (1848-1854)

Events and consequences before 1857

Name of EventEventConsequences
First Carnatic War(1746-1748)British Admiral Edward Peyton and French La Bourdonnais fought at NegapatamBritish Victory
Second Carnatic War(1749-1754)Nasir Jung aided by France While England aided Muzaffar JungEnded with the Treaty of Pondicherry in 1754 and Muzaffar Jung became the Nizam
Third Carnatic War (1758 – 1763)French Commander Count De lally and British general Sir Eyre Coote at Wandiwash(1760)Defeat of French
& the Treaty of Paris was signed. Which returned Chandra Nagar and Pondicherry to France.
Battle of Plassey (23 June 1757)French is supported Sirajuddaula and East India Company led by Robert CliveBritish victory after this mastery of Bengal.
and Britishers used the revenue of Bengal to maintain strong Army.
Battle of Buxar (22 October 1764)East India Company led by Hector Munro and Mughal emperor along with the Nawab of BengalTreaty of Allahabad secured Diwani rights
Pitt’s India act 1784
British government got control over the company’s affair and its administration.
War 1789-1792Tipu Sultan and East India CompanyTreaty of Seringapatam was signed.
Awadh annexation 1856Lord Dalhousie

Indian Modern History

The Revolt of 1857

  • East India company and united force of Indian leaders (Bahadur Shah Bhagat Singh Begum Hazrat Mahal are powered Tatya Tope Nanasaheb Azimullah Rani Laxmi Bai Kunwar Singh.) By this revolt there was an end of companies rule now India came under the direct rule of British Crown.
  • The Revolt of 1857 that occured in the Northern parts of India, was a result of the discontent and resentment of the people against British conquest and administration since hundred years. The revolt began on 29 March 1857, when a sepoy, Mangal Pandey attacked his officers at Barrackpore. He was hanged to death. On 9 May 1857, 85 sepoys of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment refused to use the greased cartridges and were sentenced to 10 years in jail. Indian Modern History
  • On 10th May, a group of soldiers marched towards the Meerut Jail, shot the British officers and released their fellow sepoys from jail. They seized all the arms and ammunition from there, and set fire to the buildings and British properties. Thus, a formal war was declared against the British. The rebel sepoys then marched towards Delhi on the night of 10th may itself and reached there the next morning. On hearing the news of their arrival, the sepoys in Delhi also rose in rebėllion.

They also set the British buildings and properties on fire and captured their arms. They gathered round the Red Fort and declared Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as their leader. Greatly inspired by the rebels, the Emperor asked all the rulers of India to join their hands together in their fight against the British. The local rulers and chiefs saw this as an opportunity to regain their support to the rebels. # The main centres and the leaders are :- As the news of the revolt spread , sepoy regiments of other places also joined in.

They were soon followed by zamindars , local chiefs , leaders and peasants.

  • Delhi: Bakht Khan was the leader of the rebels.
  • Kanpur : Nana Saheb , the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II led the rebels and expelled the British garrison from Kanpur , He declared himself as the Peshwa and Nana Saheb recognised Bahadur Shah as his king . The commander of his troops were Tantia Tope and Azimullah.
  • Lucknow : Birjis Qadir was proclaimed as the new Nawab of Lucknow . He was the son of the deposed Nawab Wajid Ali Shah . Birjis too accepted Bahadur Shah as his Emperor, His mother Regum Hazrat Mahal led the rebels against the British. She was accompanied by Maulvi Ahmadullah.
  • Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai: took up arms against the British. She was joined by Tantia Tope from Kanpur.
  • Bihar : Kunwar Singh , the Raja of Jagdishpur led the rebels at Arahh in Bihar.

Indian Modern History

Social and Cultural reform

PersonRelated With
Raja Ram Mohan Royestablished Atmiya Sabha. he was the first Indian to start an agitation for social, religious and political reforms.
Raja Ram Mohan RoyEstablished Brahma Samaj to preach monotheism and purify Hinduism.
Debendranath Tagorefounded Tattvabodhini Sabha to propagate Ram Mohan Roy’s idea
Vidyasagarprotests against child marriage and promoted women education.
Vishnu Shankar Panditfounded widow remarriage Association
Dadabhai naorojiestablished East India Association in London
Mahatma Jyoti Rao Govind Rao PhuleFounded satyashodhak Samaj
Swami Dayanand SaraswatiFounded Arya Samaj in Bombay.
Vivekanandafounded the Ramkrishna Mission to carry out humanitarian relief and social work

Indian ancient history

Freedom struggle Timeline

Year Event
28 December 1885 Indian National Congress was formed by Allan octavian Hume
28-31 December 1885First session of Indian National Congress was attended by 72 delegates under the presidency of W.C. Bannerjee.
1896-97 B.G. Tilak initiated a no tax campaign in Maharashtra
20 July 1905 Partition of Bengal order was passed by Lord Curzon
December 1905 Gokhale the president of Congress condemned the partition of Bengal and supported Swadeshi and Boycott Movement.
1906 Dadabhai naoroji became the President of National Congress and declared their goal of self government or Swaraj
30 December 1906 All India Muslim League was formed by Aga Khan and the founding meeting was hosted by Nawab sir Khwaja
1909 Marley Minto Reform was announced
1911 Government announced the withdrawal of partition of Bengal
1913 Gadar Party founded by Punjabi Indians in the United States
April 1915 First session of Hindu Mahasabha
26 December 1916 Lucknow Pact was signed dealing with the structure of the Government of India and with relation to the Hindu and Muslim communities
1917 Satyagraha started by MK Gandhi in Champaran Bihar
1918 Montagu chelmsford reforms announced by Edwin montagu which is secretary of state and large clamps food which was Viceroy
1919 Enactment of the Government of India Act of 1919
March 1919 Rowlatt Act was passed which enable government to imprison people without trial.
13 April 1919 Jaliawala bagh crisis
31 August 1920 Khalifat committee launched a non cooperation movement
1 February 1922 MK Gandhi announced mass civil disobedience
5 February 1922 Chouri Chaura
1925 Communist party came into existence
November 1927 Simon headed Commission was set up to submit report on working of Indian constitution established by government of India Act 1919
17 November 1928 Lala Lajpat Rai died due to the injured by the beating of local police during a protest demonstration at Lahore
December 1928 Gandhi joined back the active politics at Calcutta session
26 January 1930 Was fixed as the first independence day and since then was celebrated every year up to 1947
February 1930 Chandrasekhar Ajad was shot dead in a park called Azad Park at Allahabad in an encounter with police
12 March 1930 Dandi March by MK Gandhi took place he worked 375 km from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi
6 April 1930 Gandhi reached Dandi and broke the salt law
12 November 1930 First Round table conference was held in London was shared by British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
5 March 1931 Gandhi Irwin pact was signed between Gandhi and viceroy of India lord erwin
24 August 1932 Poona pact was signed between Gandhi and Doctor Ambedkar at Yerwada Central Jail
1935 Comment of India Act was passed according to which all the Indian Federation was established including British India and princely states
October 1940 Gandhi gave an order for a limited Satyagraha for few days
8 August 1942 Quit India Movement was launched by MK Gandhi
1945 Congress working committee adopted resolution to abolish landlordism
Indian Modern History timeline

Interim government

External affairs and commonwealth relationsJawaharlal Nehru
DefenceBaldev Singh
Home (including Information and Broadcasting)Vallabh Bhai Patel
FinanceLiaquat Ali Khan
Posts and airAbdur Rab Nishtar
Food and agricultureRajendra Prasad
LabourJagjivan Ram
Industries and suppliesJohn Mathai
Transport and railwaysM.Asaf Ali
Education and ArtsC. Rajgopalachari
Works, Mines and powerC. H. Babha
CommerceI. I. Chundrigar
LawJogindar nath Mandel
HealthGhazanfar Ali Khan
First Interim Government

Indian Modern History Newspaper and its Founder

Newspaper/Journal Name Founder
Bengal Gazette (1780) (India, s First Newspaper) JK Hikki
Kesari B.G. Tilak
Amrita Bazar Patrike Sisir Kumar Ghosh
Vande Mataram Aurobindo Ghosh
Kavivachan Sudha Bhartendu Harishchandra
Rast Goftar(first newspaper in Gujarati) Dadabhai Naoroji
Statesman Robert knight
Hindu Vir Raghavcharya
Yugantar Bhupendra Nath Data
Bombay Chronicle Firoz Shah Mehta
Hindustan MM Malviya
Mooknayak B.R. Ambedkar
Comrade-1914 Mohammad Ali
Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Al-Hilal-1914 Abdul Kalam Azad
Al-Balagh Abul Kalam Azad
Independent Motilal Nehru
Panjabi Lala Rajpat Rai
New India Annie Besant
Young India- 1919 M.K. Gandhi
Harijan-1933 M.K. Gandhi
Hindustan TimesK.M. Pannikar
Indian Modern History Newspaper

Indian Modern History – Mountbatten plan

  • The Independence Act 1947 also called 3 june plan or Mountbatten plan.
  • It gave India and Pakistani Dominion status.
  • The actor received the royal assent on 18 july 1947.

the boundaries between the two Dominion states were determined by a boundary commission which was headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe.

Great Travellers in Indian history

Megasthenese

Greek ethnographer & Ambassador

During the rule of Chandragupta Maurya (302-298)
Wrote the book Indica

Fa Hsien

A Buddhist monk who came from china during region of Chandra Gupta II 

405-411 AD wrote the book “Record of Buddhist kingdoms” 

Husuain tsang xuanzang

Chinese buddhist monk came during
reign of Chandragupta II

Duration 630-645 AD
wrote record of western world.

Indian Modern History

Ibn Battuta

Traveller of Moracco

Came in India at the region of Mohammad Bin Tuglaq.
Write Rihla relating geographical Social and Economic Behaviour of this time.

William Hawkins

Ambassador of James II, King of England

Came in India during the reign of Jahangir.
First visit: 1421
Revisit: 1430

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