Indian Mountains Hills is very important topic in Geography subject. Most geologists classify a mountain as A landform that rises at least 1,000 feet (300 meters) or more above its surrounding area. Mountains are divided into four main types: upwarped, volcanic, fault-block, and folded (complex). A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain. hills are important because they create variety and intensity
Indian Mountains Hills
There are major seven Mountain ranges in India and those are the Himalaya, Aravalli, Eastern Ghats, Nilgiri, Shivalik, Vindhya, and Satpura mountain ranges. Kangchenjunga lies on the India–Nepal border. It is the highest mountain peak located in India.
The Most Popular Hills In India are: 1.Shivalik Hills 2.Anamalai Hills 3.Ashambu Hills 4.Cardamom Hills 5.Biligiriranga Hills 6.Palani Hills 7.Nilgiri Hills 8.Nallamala Hills 9.Lushai Hills 10.Garo-Khasi-Jainitia Hills
The Karakoram is bounded on the North East by the the edge of the the Tibetan palteau, and on the north by the pamir mountains. The Karakoram mountains in the the Northern part of Kashmir are the North-Western extension of the Himalaya. K-2, the world’s second highest mountain peak, belong to this mountain range. The Karakoram is home to the highest concentration of picks over eight kilometres (five) mills in height to be found anywhere on earth.
Deosai Mountains Range
Deosai Mountains Range in the Himalayan mountain system in the Northern part of the Indian subcontinent. This indian mountains are located in the Pakistani-held sector of the West-Central part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The range extends for (190 kilometre) from the Indus river bend at bunji to the shuru (Karcha) River, which separates the range from the Zaskar range. The main body of the Deosai massif (mountain our Mass) is compost of sedimentary rock of the precambrian era (which occurred from 3.96 billion to 540 million year ago).
It is the highest plateau of state of Kashmir with much of it (9,800 ft).Shyok river in Northern Pakistan across Northern India of the Tibetan (China) border. With a crest line of about (20,000ft)(6,100 m) the range parallels the North East Bank of the Indus river. Ladkah is bordered by the Karakoram chain of mountains in the north and the Himalayas in the south. with the great Indus following right though ladkah the province is divided into Leh, the capital, Nubra, Zanskar lower Ladakh and Rupshu.
Zaskar in northern India and western Tibet (China), extending southeast ward for 640 kilometre from the suru river to the upper karnali river. kamet peak (25,446 feet is the highest point, and the most important passes are shipki,Lipulek and Mana. The Zhankar range is the mountain range in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir that separtes Zankar from ladkah. Geologically, the Zankar range is part of the tethys Himalaya, an approximatey 100 kilometre-wide synclinorium formad by strongly folded and imbricated, weakly metamerphost sedimentary saries.
Pir Panzal Range
It is a part of the Western Punjab Himalayas, lying in NorthWestern India and northern Pakistan and extending southeastward for more than (320 km) from the kishanganga to the upper Beas river. Rising sharply to an average elevation of more than 13,000 feet, it separates the Jammu hills to the South from the Vale of Kashmir, beyond which lie the great Himalayas.
The Great Himalayas
The northernmost great, or higher, Himalayas (in ancient and time, the himadri), with crests generally exceeding 6,000 MTS, in elevation are composed of ancient crystalline Rocks and old Marine sedimentary formation. Between the great and laser Himalayas are several fertile longitude vales, in India the longest is the vale of Kashmir, an ancient lake basin with an area of about 1,700 square miles (4,400 square kilometres). The great Himalayas, ranging from 30 to 45 miles wide, includes some of the world’s highest peaks.
Southernmost range of the Himalayas, South Central Asia, extending (1,690 km) from S.W. Kashmir thought North India into South Nepal paralleling the main Himalayan range at a distance of (140 kilometre). The highest point is (1,067 m). The Shivalik hills are noted for there vast vertebrate fossil beds.
System of Northern India, running northeasterly for 350 Miles (560 kilometre) though Rajasthan state. Isolated Rocky offshoot continue to just south of Delhi. The series of peaks and ridges, with breadths varying from 6 to 60 miles(10 to 100 kilometre) are generally between 1,000 and 3,000 feet(300 and 900 m)in elevation. The system is divided into two section-the Sambhar-Sirohi range, tailor and including Guru peak on Mount Abu, the highest peak in the Aravali range (1722 mts).
Vindhya hill Range
This range of hills forming the southern escarpment of the central upland of India. From Gujarat state on the west, it extends about (1,086 km) across Madhya Pradesh state to abut on the Ganga river valley near Varanasi (Banaras). The mountain from the southern edge of the Malwa plateau and then divide into two branches: the Kashmir range, the Vidhya range, at an elevation of (450-1,100 m), given rise to the main southern tributaries of the Ganges-Yamuna system, including the Chambal, Betwa, ken, river and tones rivers.
Satpura hill range
Satpura range of hills, part of the Deccan plateau, western India, diet stretches for (900 km) across the widest part of peninsular India, through Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh States. The range the name of which means “seven folds”. Forms the watershed between the Narmada and tapti rivers. With peaks more than 4000 feet high, the Satpura range includes the rajpipla hills to the west, the Mahadev hills to the north and the maikala range to the east.
Maikal Mountain Range
This indian mountain range in Madhya Pradesh state, Central India, running in a north-south direction and forming the eastern base of the triangular Satpura range. The main colour range consists of laterite-crapped, flat topped plateaus (pats) with an elevation of from 2,000 feet (600 m) to 3,000 feet (900 m).
It is also called Sahyadri, are a north-south chain of mountains are hills that mark the Western edge of Deccan plateau. They rise abruptly from the coastal plain as an escarpment of variable height, but their eastern slopes are much more gentle. The Western Ghats contain a series of residual plateaus and peaks separated by saddles and passes. One of the highest elevations in the Northern half, Mahabaleshwar (4718 feet) is a laterite plateau.
This sandstone hills are located in the northern part of the Satpura range, in the Madhya Pradesh state, central India. The hills have small plateaus and steep scarps that where formed during the Carboniferous Period (360 to 286 million years ago). The hills have a gentle Northern slope but are steep to the south, where they drop abruptly from 3,600 feet.
It runs north south for 120 miles (190 km) from the Ganges River almost to Dumka. Their rise to 1861 feet (567 m) and are inhabited by Sauria Pahaaias. The valley are cultivated by tribal Santals.
Balaghat range series of hills in western Maharashtra state, western India. originating in the Western Ghat at the Harishchandra range, the range stands south-eastward for about (320 km) to the border of Maharashtra and Karnataka state.
Nilgiri mountain region of Tamilnadu State, South eastern India. the pics of the Nilgiri rise abruptly from the surrounding plains to an elevation of 6000-8000 feet. One of them, Doda Betta (8652 feet) is the highest point in the Tamil Nadu part of Western Ghat, the hills are separated from the Karnataka plateau (north) by the Noyar river and from the Annamalai and Palani hills by the palghat gap.
Nallamala Mountain Range
this range of of parallel hills and valleys of the eastern Ghats in the eastern Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. Located south of Krishna river, the hill run North to the south parallel to the Coromandel coast on the bay of Bengal.