Law Making

In ancient India, there were many overlapping local laws. Different communities enjoyed different degrees of autonomy in administering Law Making That is why, some scholars believe that it was the British colonialists who introduced the rule of law in India. However, some historians do not agree with this view. They refuse this claim on the following grounds:

  • The British law was arbitrary. For example, the Sedition Act of 1870 laid down that any person protesting or criticising the British government could be arrested without appropriate trial.
  • The Indian nationalists played an important role in the development of the legal sphere in British India. They began to protest and criticise the arbitrary law of the Britishers. By the end of the 19th century, Indian legal professionals also began to protest and criticize the RBI law of the Britishers by the end of the 19th century.
  • Indian legal professionals also begin to emerge Indian judges also begin to play a greater role in decision making. After independence, the constitution serves as the foundation on which the members of the parliament make laws for the country.

lets study how the law came into existence.

Law Making

Constitution, Law making

Our Parliament makes laws for the whole country. It is the supreme law-making body in the country. It has the power to legislate on all subjects that are under the jurisdiction of the central government. It can enact new laws or change the existing ones.

Every Ordinary Bill that is introduced, has to the house, and 251 members are in favour of and 249 are against, the bill is said to have been passed is sent to the other house. The bill goes through the Various Processes of Lawmaking house:

First Reading

In the Law Making, it is an introductory stage. At this stage, the concerned minister or a private member asks for the permission of the house to introduce the bill. There is no debate at this stage. Copies of the bill are given to the members. The minister or any member who introduces the bill, gives a general speech explaining the purpose of the bill.

Second Reading

At this stage, first of all, a general discussion is held. Then, a clause – by – clause discussion takes place. The members who support the bill explain why the bill is important and necessary. The members who oppose it, criticise the bill. The members can also suggest changes in the bill. Some of these changes can be accepted by the house.

Third Reading

At this stage, the bill is moved for final approval. The bill as a whole is finally discussed and put to vote. If the majority of the MPs are in its favour, the bill is passed. For example, if 500 members are present in by a simple majority.

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