Location of India

What is the Location of India?
wherein India situated in the context of the world?

Location of India

  • India Located in the northern hemisphere of the earth.
  • India is a country in South Asia.
  • Tropic of cancer divided the country into two equal parts.
    • 68°7′ E – 97°25′ E Territory from west to east
    • 37°6′ N – 8°4′ N territory from north to south
  • The longitude 82°30’E taken as the Indian standard time.
  • The Bay of Bengal in the east.
    The Arabian Sea in the west.
    The Himalayan in the north.
    Indian Ocean in the south.
  • 2933 km, Kashmir to Kanyakumari.
  • 3214 km, Kutch to Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Seven countries that share a boundary with Location of India
    1. Afghanistan
    2. Pakistan
    3. China
    4. Nepal
    5. Bhutan
    6. Bangladesh
    7. Myanmar
    8. Sri Lanka is separated by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar.
  • Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 Indian states:
    1. Gujarat,
    2. Rajasthan,
    3. Madya Pradesh,
    4. Chhattisgarh,
    5. Jharkhand,
    6. West Bengal,
    7. Tripura,
    8. Mizoram.

Indian standard time line passes through the following states-

  1. UP
  2. MP

We will study the great diversity of INDIA in the context of the following:

  1. Landforms
  2. Climate
  3. Natural Vegetation
  4. Wildlife
Location of India

Division of India

We have seen Location of India, now we will study the division of India

India: Political Division

  • India is a union of states and state is the union of a district.
  • Gujarat is the largest state and Goa is the smallest state in the sense of the area.

India: Physical Division

  • There are a diversity of physical features such as mountains, plateau, plains, coasts and islands.
  • The mountain Himalaya in east
  • Him+alya means the abode of snow. It is divided into three main parallel ranges.
    Greater Himalaya
    Middle Himalaya
  • The northern Indian plains lie to the south of the Himalayas.
    These are formed by the alluvial deposit laid down by the rivers the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and their tributaries.
    These river plains provide fertile land for cultivation.
  • Great Indian desert in Western. It is dry, hot and sandy stretch of land.
  • Peninsular plateau in the south of the northern plains
    It is triangular in shape. This is a region with numerous hill ranges and valleys.
    Aravali hills, one of the oldest hill.
    The Vindhyas and the Satpura are the important ranges.
    The river Narmada and Tapi flows in these ranges.
  • Western Ghat & Eastern Ghat
    The plateau is rich in minerals like coal and iron ore.
    In the west of the Western ghats and in the east of the Eastern ghats lie the coastal plain.

There are a number of east flowing rivers.

  • Mahanadi
  • Godavari
  • Krishna
  • Kaveri
    These have formed fertile delta at their mouth.

The sundarvan delta is formed where the Ganga and Brahmputra flow in to the Bay of Bengal.

  • Two group of islands also form part of India:
    • Lakshadweep island located in the Arabian sea.
    • Coral island located off the coast of Kerala.
  • Andaman and Nicobar island lies to the southeast of the Indian mainland in the Bay of Bengal.

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