Motivation and its types

Motivation is one of the main psychological factors which affects the performance of an individual. Motivation means to be inspired to do something. It is defined as to give reason, enthusiasm or interest that causes a specific action and certain behaviour. Motivation is present in every function of life. Simple acts such as eating and drinking are motivated by hunger and thirst, respectively.”Any condition, that might energise and direct our actions”. Motivation is the main determinant of an individual’s behaviour. The motive is a combination of thought, feeling or condition that causes one to act. Motive can be for a short period and can be for the long one.


Human behaviour is controlled, directed and modified through certain motives. When a person feels hungry and searches for the food, we say that he is motivated by his drive or satisfaction. When he gets food and is satisfied, we say that his drive for food has been fulfilled.

1. Motive

A motive is an inner state that energises, activates or moves and directs behaviour toward goals. Motive arise out of the needs of individuals. Realisation of a motive causes restlessness in the individual which prompts some action to reduce some restlessness. for example, the need for food causes hunger an account of which a man searches for food. Some such motives are -thirst security, affiliation, need for comfort, recognition etc.

2. Motivation

Motivation is the process of stimulating people to action to come to accomplish desired goals depends upon satisfying needs of people. It is the general level of energy to act in an individual.

3. Motivators

Motivator is the technique used to motivate people’s. It is not only a person even the thirst, hunger, security, needs, recognition they all are work as a motivator in anyone’s life because of these wants and need the person are motivated to do something and to achieve their goals.

  1. People’s behaviour is based on there needs. Satisfaction of such needs influences their behaviour.
  2. People’s needs are in hierarchical order, starting from basic needs to other higher-level needs.
  3. A satisfied need can no longer motivate a person; only next higher level need can motivate him.
  4. A person moves to the next higher level of the hierarchy only when the lower need is satisfied.

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