Nutrition is certainly a policy issue and women and children alone, as the country has moved away from the selective faces of the MDGs to the more comprehensive SDGs. The increasing version of communicable diseases as well as overnutrition are leading to a complex policy challenges.
Hence, while government policies and programs are converging and taking steps to management nutrition the most important factor affecting positive change will be have your change of the population, where individuals and communities make informed choices regarding their nutrition needs and the food they eat and also changing to a healthy lifestyle which strongly compounds the benefit of the healthy eating.
The definition given by the British nutrition foundation is the study of nutrients in food, how the body uses nutrients and the relationship between ‘diet, health and diseases’.
The other more comprehensive definition is – ‘nutrition is the intake of food considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs’.
The important aspect to note here is the intake of food in relation to the bodies dietary needs. This implies that as the body’s news change should the diet a lifecycle approach should ideally cater to dietary needs of each stage.
For example nutrition needs of a child vary from that of an adolescent and do job and adult working person may vary from that of a geriatric individual. Good nutrition an adequate, well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity is considered to be a cornerstone of good health. Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity increased susceptibility to disease impaired physical and mental development and reduced productivity.
This brings us to the next set of words which are results of improper nutrition and termed as malnutrition. Malnutrition comprises both undernutrition and overnutrition and they both need to their own set of disease conditions.
A stunted child is one whose height is lower than the standard height for the given age of child. Stunting is the result of long term nutritional deprivation and often result is delayed mental development poor school performance and reduced intellectual capacity.
Also women of short stature are at greater risk for obstetric complications because of a smaller pelvis. Further small women are at greater risk of delivering and infant with low birth weight, contributing to the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition as infants of low birth weight are are retarded intra uterine growth tend be smaller as adults.
Washing is defined as a condition where the weight of the child is lower than the standard weight of the given height. Wasting in children is a symptom of acute undernutrition usually as a consequence of insufficient food intake are a high incidence of infected diseases specially diarrhoea. washing impairs the functioning of immune system and can lead to increase duration of hand susceptibility to infectious diseases and and increase to decrease for death.
On the other hand underweight is a condition where the weight is lower than the standard width for the given age of the child. Evidence has shown that the children who are even mildly underweight have an increased risk of mortality and severally under which children are at a greater risk of the same.
A child is considered to be overweight when the weight is higher than the standard weight for a given age of child. Childhood obesity is associated with a higher probability of obesity in adulthood, which can lead to a variety of disabilities and diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
The risks foremost NCDs resulting from obesity depend party on the age of onset and the duration of obesity.
Child growth is internationally recognised as an important indicator of the nutritional status and health in populations; the above-mentioned indicators a direct measure of the same and subsequently essential for our discussion here.
New generation is certainly a policy issue going b and women and children alone all the country has moved away from the selective faces of the MDGs to the more competitive SDGs. The increasing burden of communicable diseases as well as overnutrition all leading to complex policy challenges.
For example diabetes and hypertension prevalence are higher among main Dayan women although more women are overweight. Recent surveys are showing that our country is facing the growing problem of double burden of undernutrition and overnutrition. The government is trying to provide solutions to this issue by increasing focus on preventive health provision of NCD screening services through the Ayushman Bharat.
Hence while government policies and programmes are converging and taking steps to manage malnutrition, the most important factor affecting positive change will be behaviour change of the population where individuals and communities make informed choices regarding their nutritional needs and the food they eat and also changing to a healthy lifestyle which strongly compounds the benefit of healthy eating.