Poverty in India: India represent a dichotomy in development. According to UNIDO’s yearbook of statistics 2010, India has emerged as one of the world’s top 10 countries in industrial production. It ranks ninth in world industrial production and 10th in gross National production.
Yet it has a large population that is extremely poor. The United Nations human development index is based on three indicators:
- Life expectancy
- Access to education
- Income levels
This ranks India 136th among 186 countries. Although independence, the country has registered a significant overall growth rate and there has been a progressive increase in the per capita income.
According to Ansari and Akhtar, at the beginning of the new millennium, 260 million pop Lene India did not have income to a conjunction basket which defines the poverty line. Of these, 75% were in the rural areas.
India is home to 20% of the world’s poor.
Such a high incidence of poverty is a master of concern in view of the fact that poverty eradication has been one of the major objectives of the development planning process. In India, the last decade of the 21st century has seen a visible shift in the focus of development planning from the mere expansion of production of goods and services and the consequent growth of per capita income to planning for enhancement of human well being.
Poverty in India
This approach has resulted in the reduction in poverty along with overall improvement in the quality of life. Since India became part of the global economy and underwent economic reform in 1991. Its economy is growing at a faster rate of nearly 10% per annum. In the process, India has became the fourth largest economy in the world in the last two decades a significant proportion of the population across the country has reap the benefit of this economic growth.
They have become the part of global economy and market, and their lives have transformed into one of global citizens with all the comforts and luxury in life. Apart from the burger morning middle class in the country, the economic growth seemed to have touched the lives of the poor also.
|Measurements of Poverty|
|Causes of Poverty in India|
|Problems of the poor and the pains of the poverty|
According to the National sample survey organisation (NSSO) analysis results, people living below poverty line have dramatically come down during the past economic reform. from 36% in 1993-94 to 26% in 1999-2000. According to the last estimates of the planning commission while the percentage of rural BPL population has been dropped to 27.09 from 37.27, in urban India it fell to 23.62% from 32.36% during the five year period. In absolute terms too, the BPL population has dropped by over 19% to 26.3 crore in 1999-2000, from 32.04 crore in 1993-94.
According to the latest data released by the planning commission, throw poverty has shown biggest drop, one in five Indian is still below poverty line as the share of BPL population in the total population is 21.9% or 270 million.
The other important trend that came from the latest poverty estimates is the fact that rural India has seen faster improvement that urban India.