Poverty Pains and Problems of Poor

Poverty Pains and Problems of Poor: After 65 years of planning, India is still one of the poorest countries in the world. Other countries, much smaller than India, have surged forward. Of the world’s poor every third person is an Indian and the number is on the increase.

Some of the variables on which the poor differ from others are degree of participation in the labour force, kind of employment, characteristics of family, degree of knowledge of the larger society, political awareness, awareness of social and economic rights and values orientation in politics, religion and social customs.

Poverty Pains and Problems of Poor

The important problems of poor in our society are:

  1. Social discrimination and social condemnation
  2. Housing
  3. Subculture of poverty

Social Discrimination

The employers, the rich, the officials and even the government look down upon the poor. They are considered lethargic, inefficient and a burden on the society. They are harassed, humiliated and discriminated against at every level. Being unrepresented and powerless, they are always the targets of attacks and hostility by the powerful.

They have to face the challenges of illiteracy and social prejudice. They lack collective power and whenever they make an effort to unite at the local or micro level against the politically, economically and socially stronger sections of the society. They are accused and labelled as undisciplined, immature, having very little foresight.

Poverty Pains and Problems of  Poor
Poverty Pains and Problems of Poor

There receive little or no attention in offices they visit. Whenever a theft or a crime is reported to the police, the police first rush to the areas in habitat by the poor if it is only the poor who commit crimes. They are rarely considered reliable dependent and trustworthy. The hostile attitude of the society at every stage thus, lowers their self-image, creates in them a feeling of inferiority and curbs their efforts of gaining means to help themselves.

Measurements of PovertyCauses of Poverty in India
Social ProblemsRural Poverty
Poverty Pains and Problems of PoorAnti Poverty Programmes
Integrated Rural Development ProgrammePoverty Alleviation Measures
Indira Awas Yojana

Housing

Houselessness, overcrowding, slums and rental laws are serious problems in urban areas. The family’s dwelling unit and the neighbourhood within which it is located on important element in the problems associated with poverty. The houses of thetype.. are not only overcrowded but lack privacy. The importance of the housing design on the family is suggested by the isolation of two polar types of family values: the familistic type and the emancipated type.

The former is characterized by strong feelings of fulfilling family obligations, providing support and security to old, inform and the unemployed in the family, identification with family traditions, common efforts of members to achieve family goals, and concern for family status. The letter lays emphasis on personal pursuit of individual goals, restricted obligations to family, add subordination of family welfare to individual welfare.

Housing
Poverty Pains and Problems of Poor

In addition to the position of the family in a countinuum between these polar types of values, the neighborhood too has an influence on the members’ relations outside the home. In urban slums, a considerable proportion of family life is conducted outside the dwelling unit. You are reading Poverty Pains and Problems of Poor article on Sarkari Focus.

The darkness of the houses drives the children out into the streets creating problems for the parents in controlling their children. The existing space does not permit proper sleeping arrangements and forces an invasion of privacy.

Family tensions also affect their personality as well as their behaviour. Self respect is eroded and cynicism fostered. Poverty forces living in the substandard houses and leaves little for the prerequisites of decent living. Dad efficient housing contributes to the weakening of family solidarity also.

Sub-culture of Poverty

When poverty is transmitted over generations, it becomes a culture, according to Oscar Lewis. The children of the poor inherit a subculture of violence in which physically abrasive responses are either expected or required by all members.

The use of violence in such a subculture is not viewed as illicit conduct and the users do not have to deal with feelings of guilt about their aggression. Violence becomes a part of lifestyle, the medium for solving difficult problems and is used primarily between persons and groups who themselves rely upon the same supportive values and norms.

On the one hand, this is subculture is seen as the effect of poverty, that is it refers to the similarities in the behaviour and thinking patterns of the people and on the other hand It is seen as the cause of poverty. You are reading Poverty Pains and Problems of Poor article on Sarkari Focus.

In many countries, Poverty has increased five or six times and in the case of Japan. it is more than 50 times what it was immediately after the war.

The disparities between the poor and the rich are much more in India than in Europe or Japan. These are increasing instead of narrowing down. An average Indian cannot look behind survival and even their survival is now in doubt.

The system cannot provide either incomes or jobs. Because there are not enough jobs to go round. There will never be as long as the present system continues. They are being ration just like other commodities in short supply.

When the policies of the top rulers of the country are build on vested interests, self-righteousness and obduracy. when they think that they are the only persons in the large country who have any feelings for the oppressed.

Measurements of PovertyCauses of Poverty in India
Social ProblemsRural Poverty
Poverty Pains and Problems of PoorAnti Poverty Programmes
Integrated Rural Development ProgrammePoverty Alleviation Measures
Indira Awas Yojana

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