Reactions to Social Problems: Different people react differently to social problems. the differences may be explained in terms of the following four factors:
- An attitude of unconcern: Many pupil remain indifferent to a problem thinking that it does not affect them. Sometimes their own individual problems like family tensions and job pressures keep them so engaged that do not find time to be interested in what affects other. it is only when their own interests are involved that they become educated and start taking interest in the problem.
- Fatalism: some people are so fatalistic attribute everything to destiny. issues like poverty and unemployment are explained in term of misfortune and past Karma. They, therefore, suffer the misfortune quietly and wait for some miracle to happen.
- Vested interest: Some people take no interest in the existing problems because they stand to gain so long as the problem exists. Motivated by self-interest, they described the problem as insoluble and talk about its eradication as a waste of time.
- Absence of expert knowledge: Some people, though deeply concerned about the problem, do not take much interest in it believing that its situation is impossible unless people change their attitudes and values. As the changes must be initiated by a change in Outlook, they remain unconcerned about finding alternative possibilities of treatment. Dowry is one such problem in our society.
Reactions to Social Problems
Some people have incorrect inreliable superficial knowledge or fallacies about social problems We can point out eight such feelings of Reactions to Social Problems.
- One, It is wrong to believe that there is agreement among all people on the nature of the social problems. For example, some people think that drug abuse is a social problem in India while other are conceived on the basis of the imperial studies conducted in different part of the country. This pointing out to the low magnitude of drug abuse that it cannot be processed as a social problem. Similarly, for some people in India, untouchability is no longer a social problem after the measures adopted since independence to to emancipate the harijans, whereas for others, it is still a social problem. They even refer to the harassment and beating up of the harijans, who were prevented from entering the Nathdwara temple in Rajasthan in September 1988. Which provoked the then President of India Shri R. Venkataraman to declare that he was willing to lead a procession of Harijan to enter the Nathdwara temple. Thus, on some problem they may be complete agreement and on others there may be little agreement as to their existence. (Reactions to Social Problems)
- Two, it is fallacious to believe that social problems are caused by nature and are, therefore, inevitable. In fact, no social problem is beyond human control if certain social agreements are changed.
- Three, it is misnomer to believe that social problems are caused by selfish, brutal, exploitative and indifferent people or by the wilful wickedness of a few. In fact, many problems are caused by the good people because they either mind their own business or they remain indifferent and callous to certain issues. For example, the growth of slums which promotes family this organisation and increases certain kind of crime is the result of the the callousness of rich persons and politicians. However, these people do not have any ‘evil motive’ in their indifference are thinking and behaviour. It may, therefore, be said that in social problem is the product of certain social practices and not of wilful wickedness of certain individuals. (Reactions to Social Problems)
- Four, it is wrong to believe that social problems are created by talking about them. The problems are caused not because people irresponsibly talk about them and thus incite others or stir up trouble or evoke hatred and so on. In fact, pupil are referred mobilized to solve problems and initiate action against the factor that perpetuate the problem.
- Five, it is incorrect to assume that all people like to see the social problem solved, for example, the conservative brahmins may not be interested in taking up the issue of untouchability for discussion are many scheduled caste and scheduled Tribes and other backward caste.
- Six, it is not correct to believe that social problems if left on their own will solve themselves. The feeling that time will solve all problems is unsound and unrealistic in this age. It is only a rationalization for inactivity. It may, in fact, aggravate the problems, specially problems like poverty, polution, population.
- Seven, the feeling that unraveling packs will solve the problem is not correct. Through it is true that no problem can be intelligently understood without complete fact about it. it is also true that without scientifically interpreting the gathering data, measures cannot be taken to solve a problem.
- Eight, it is untrue to think that problems can be solved without institutional changes. In a way, it is impossible to solve problems without planning, without structural changes, without adjustments and adaptations without altering the existing institutions and practices.
Thus, it may not be possible to locate situations to all problems, but there are prospect of achieving some success in the reducing the personal suffering due to social problems.