A. Abolition of intermediaries:
- the most important action taken by the government is the removal of Zamindars. The colonial government appoints the nominal head of the land and take collect land revenue from the Tillers without taking any initiative to improve the land.
- The basic idea behind this step was the ownership of land to give incentive to the actual pillars to make improve segments.
- This policy about 200 lakh farmers into direct contact with the government.
- This ownership right gives them the incentive but increase output and this contribute to grow the agriculture.
B. The ceiling on land:
it refers to fixing the maximum amount of land that one holds. The government specified the maximum limit of land that any individual can hold. Any excess land beyond that limit would be taken over by the government and will be allocated to the landless cultivators and small farmers.
C. Consolidation of holdings:
it refers to a practice to allot land to the farmer at one place as a replacement for is scattered holding here and there. Small and scattered land is now converted into a big piece of land so that modern and Technology can be applied which will increase the productivity.
D. Cooperative farming:
joint farming by small cultivators by pulling their land and other resources to enjoy the benefits of large scale farming is known as Cooperative farming.
These are all Reforms in Indian agriculture by Indian Government in past few years.
The Congress gives importance to financial institutions that promote agricultural and rural finances. These financial systems also help maintain social and environmental balance with there strong efforts, Agricultural reform is existed two kinds of land in ancient Rome: private and public land, which included common pasture. By the 2nd century BC, wealthy landowners had begun to dominate the agrarian areas of the republic by “renting” large tracts of public land and treating it as if it were private.