Under the ICDS Scheme, Aganwadi services were launched in 1975 as a pilot project covering 33 blocks in the country.
- To improve nutritional and health status of children in the age group 0 to 6 years.
- To lay the foundation for proper psychological physical and social development of the child
- To reduce the incidence of mortality morbidity and nutrition and school dropouts
- To achieve effective coordination of policies and implementation strategies among the various departments for promoting child development.
- To enhance capability of the mothers to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of their children through proper nutrition and health education.
Intersectoral convergence is inbuilt and integral to the Anganwadi services. The target group for the services are children below 6 years of age as well as pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Package of services under the integrated child development Scheme
- Supplementary nutrition
- preschool non formal education
- nutrition and health education
- health checkup
- referral services
Out of the six, three health related services viz. Immunization, health checkup and referral services are provided by NRHM & Public health infrastructure.
This convergence is facilitated by grassroots level functionaries anganbadi services team and ANM workers through
- Observations of monthly village health and nutrition days
- Difference of six children by AWWs to health facilities and the ANMs.
- Bi-annual rounds of vitamin A supplementation
- Use of joint mother child protection cards by ANM and AWWs.
- Participation at the village health sanitation and nutrition committee meetings
- Monthly meetings by ANM and AWW at the sub centre level and joint training conducted by NRHM.
Beneficiary coverage under the anganbadi service scheme as on 31st March 2019 doesn’t Mari services system has a network of 7075 fully operational projects and 13.7 3 lakh Anganwadi centres all over the country.
Roles and responsibilities of Anganwadi workers
- To illicit community support and participation in running the program.
- To wait each child every month and plotting is on the growth card maintain the child records to be examined by the visiting medical paramedical personal and using the referral code for different mothers children to the sub centre, PHCs etc.
- To carry out annually a quick survey of all the families in their respective area of work with particular attention to the mothers and children.
- To organise non formal preschool activities for children age 3 to 6 years and to help in designing making toys out of indigenous resources.
- To organise Supplementary nutrition feeding for infants and pregnant women and nursing mothers we are planning of menu based on locally available food recipes.
- To provide health nutrition education along with counselling on breastfeeding as well as infant young child feeding practices to the mother. Further, Anganwadi workers being together close to the local community can motive the married women power adopting family planning practices birth control measure.
- To help and co-ordinate the health centre visit of pregnant women nursing mothers for registering their child birth and reporting the same to the village level functionaries notified as registers of birth.
- To conduct home visits for education to the the parents especially the mother’s for enabling to play and effective role in their child growth and development with particular emphasis on that of the new born child.
- To assist the PHC staff in effective implementation of the programs health component immunization health checkups and antenatal and postnatal checkups etc
- To share the health related information with ANM
- To assist the ANM in the administration of IFA table for anaemia control and vitamin A doses for preventing VAD to the beneficiaries.
- To support in organising pulse polio immunization drives
- To inform the ANM regarding any emergency cases like diarrhoea or cholera.