Hi there, in this article “Security Agency of India”, I will discuss the function of security institutions. There are many security agencies is in India. Some are ensuring internal and some ensuring the external security of India. Yes,
Security Agency of India
|Agency Name||National Investigation Agency|
|Body Type||Security Agency of India|
|Works Under Ministry||Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India|
|Estd.||2009 (Bill passed in December 2008)|
|Headquarter||New Delhi, India|
|Vision and Mission||Find it here|
|Banned Terrorist Organisation||Find here|
|Most Wanted||Find here|
During the period of World War II, a Special Police Establishment (SPE) was constituted in 1941 in the Department of War of British India to
Later on, it was formalized as an agency of the Government of India to investigate into allegations of corruption in various wings of the Government of India by enacting the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act, 1946.
In 1963, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was established by the Government of India with a view to investigate serious crimes related to Defence of India, corruption in high places, serious fraud, cheating and embezzlement and social crime, particularly of hoarding, black-marketing and profiteering in essential commodities, having all-India and inter-state ramifications.
|Agency Name||Central Bureau of Investigation|
|Works Under Ministry||Ministry of Personnel, Pension & Grievances|
|Headquarter||New Delhi, India|
The CVC Bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament in 2003 and the President gave its assent on 11
- CVC is the main agency for the preventing corruption in the Central Government.
- The CVC Bill was passed by both the houses of Parliament in 2003 and the President gave its assent on 11 September 2003. Thus the Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 came into effect from that date.
- it is neither constitutional nor a statutory body.
The Commission shall consist of
- A Central Vigilance Commissioner – Chairperson
- Not more than two Vigilance Commissioners – Members
Vide GOI Resolution on “Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informer” dated April 2004, this security agency of India has authorized the Central Vigilance Commission as the “Designated Agency” to receive written complaints for disclosure on any allegation of corruption or misuse of office and recommend appropriate action.
|Name of Body||Central Vigilance Commission|
|Chairman Term||4 year|
|Chairman Appointed by||President on recommendations of Committee (PM as head, Union Ministers of Home Affairs,)|
A State Government may request the Central Government to hand over the investigation of a case to the NIA, provided there is reasonable ground to suggest the commission of a scheduled offence under the NIA Act in the said crime.
The State government shall extend all assistance and co-operation to the Agency for investigation of the scheduled offences under section 9 of the NIA Act.
Today it has the following three divisions for investigation of crime:-
1. Anti-Corruption Division
2. Economic Offences Division
3. Special Crimes Division
The NIA has been constituted after the Mumbai terror attack in November 2008 mainly for investigation of incidents of terrorist attacks, funding of terrorism and other terror related crime, whereas CBI investigates crime of corruption, economic offences and serious and organized crime other than terrorism.
CBI lays great emphasis on catching corrupt public servants who demand and take bribes. The CBI is responsible for internal security of India. The process of catching such corrupt public servants red handed while they demand and take bribes is popularly called the ‘trap’. It is not a legal term. A set procedure has been devised in CBI to lay a trap against a corrupt public servant. The evidence collected during the process of trap is placed before the court along with the charge sheet and is quite important in securing conviction of the public servant.
The Central Vigilance Commission was set up by the Government in February,1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.
If CVC is established. What is the need to Pass a Lokpal Bill? Please write in comment.