Security Agency of India

Hi there, in this article “Security Agency of India”, I will discuss the function of security institutions. There are many security agencies is in India. Some are ensuring internal and some ensuring the external security of India. Yes,


Security Agency of India

Security Agency of India


Agency NameNational Investigation Agency
Body TypeSecurity Agency of India
Works Under MinistryMinistry of Home Affairs, Government of India
Estd.2009 (Bill passed in December 2008)
HeadquarterNew Delhi, India
Vision and MissionFind it here
Banned Terrorist OrganisationFind here
Most WantedFind here


During the period of World War II, a Special Police Establishment (SPE) was constituted in 1941 in the Department of War of British India to enquire into allegations of bribery and corruption in the war related procurements.

Later on, it was formalized as an agency of the Government of India to investigate into allegations of corruption in various wings of the Government of India by enacting the Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act, 1946.

In 1963, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was established by the Government of India with a view to investigate serious crimes related to Defence of India, corruption in high places, serious fraud, cheating and embezzlement and social crime, particularly of hoarding, black-marketing and profiteering in essential commodities, having all-India and inter-state ramifications.

Agency NameCentral Bureau of Investigation
Works Under MinistryMinistry of Personnel, Pension & Grievances
HeadquarterNew Delhi, India


The CVC Bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament in 2003 and the President gave its assent on 11 September 2003. Thus the Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 came into effect from that date. It is the most famous Security Agency of India.

  • CVC is the main agency for the preventing corruption in the Central Government.
  • The CVC Bill was passed by both the houses of Parliament in 2003 and the President gave its assent on 11 September 2003. Thus the Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 came into effect from that date.
  • it is neither constitutional nor a statutory body.

The Commission shall consist of

  • A Central Vigilance Commissioner – Chairperson
  • Not more than two Vigilance Commissioners – Members

Vide GOI Resolution on “Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informer” dated April 2004, this security agency of India has authorized the Central Vigilance Commission as the “Designated Agency” to receive written complaints for disclosure on any allegation of corruption or misuse of office and recommend appropriate action.

Name of BodyCentral Vigilance Commission
Chairman Term 4 year
Chairman Appointed byPresident on recommendations of Committee (PM as head, Union Ministers of Home Affairs,)



Can a State Government request the NIA to take over the investigation of a case?

­A State Government may request the Central Government to hand over the investigation of a case to the NIA, provided there is reasonable ground to suggest the commission of a scheduled offence under the NIA Act in the said crime.

What is the role of the State Government during investigation of a case by the NIA?

The State government shall extend all assistance and co-operation to the Agency for investigation of the scheduled offences under section 9 of the NIA Act.

What types of Crime CBI investigate today?

Today it has the following three divisions for investigation of crime:-
1. Anti-Corruption Division
2. Economic Offences Division
3. Special Crimes Division

What is the difference between the nature of the cases investigated by the National Investigation Agency and the CBI?

The NIA has been constituted after the Mumbai terror attack in November 2008 mainly for investigation of incidents of terrorist attacks, funding of terrorism and other terror related crime, whereas CBI investigates crime of corruption, economic offences and serious and organized crime other than terrorism.

What is a ‘trap’? We often read in newspapers that CBI has caught a public servant in a trap.

CBI lays great emphasis on catching corrupt public servants who demand and take bribes. The CBI is responsible for internal security of India. The process of catching such corrupt public servants red handed while they demand and take bribes is popularly called the ‘trap’. It is not a legal term. A set procedure has been devised in CBI to lay a trap against a corrupt public servant. The evidence collected during the process of trap is placed before the court along with the charge sheet and is quite important in securing conviction of the public servant.

When and Why did the Government set up a body like CVC?

The Central Vigilance Commission was set up by the Government in February,1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.

If CVC is established. What is the need to Pass a Lokpal Bill? Please write in comment.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.