Social problems and Social change in India

Society is often face problems because of social and cultural changes. Social changes is change in the patterned roles, or a change in the network of social relations, or a change in the structures and organisations of a society. Social change is never complete or total. It is always partial.

It can be minor or fundamental. Further, the change can be spontaneous or planned. Planned change is to achieve some set collective ideal. After independence, India also had set some collective goals to achieve.

Social change in India

Social change in India

Some of the important Social change in India that we find in our society in the last six decades are:

  • Change from tradition to modernity in certain values and institutions
  • From ascribed status to achieved status
  • From predominance of primary group of predominance of secondary groups
  • From informal means of control to formal means of control
  • From collective to individualism
  • From sacred values to secular values
  • From folklore to science and rationalism
  • From homogeneity to heterogeneity
  • Weakening of the caste system
  • weakening of traditional sources of security
  • An increase in the aspirations of the minority groups
  • Occupational mobility
  • Enactment of several social laws
  • Delinking religion from politics

Thus, through we have achieved many of the set collective goals, many contradictions have also set in to our system. for example, aspirations of the people have become high but the legitimate means for achieving these aspirations are neither available nor accessible.

We preach nationalism but practice, casteism, linguism and parochialism. Many laws have been enacted but either these laws are full of loopholes are they are not properly implemented. We talk of egalitarianism but we inforce discrimination. We aspire for an ideational culture but what is emerging is the sensate culture.

Social change in India

All these contradictions have increased discontentment and frustrations among people which in turn have resulted in many social problems.

  • Youth unrest
  • Tribal unrest
  • Peasant unrest
  • Labour unrest
  • Student unrest
  • Minority unrest
  • Violence against women and so forth

These all led to agitations, riots, in surgency and terrorism in the country.

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