Synonyms and Antonyms, Both are very important in english vocabulary.
A synonym is a word, morpheme, or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word, morpheme, or phrase in the same language. For example, the words begin, start, commence, and initiate are all synonyms of one another; they are synonymous.Wikipedia
Antonyms are words that have contrasting, or opposite, meanings. Like so much of the English language, “antonym” is rooted in the Greek language.Sarkari Focus
Discover and rediscover a variety of words and expressions to enrich your vocabulary and to express yourself even more clearly. There’s a certain skill involved in choosing the most appropriate synonym; not all are created equal. It is important to consider the connotation of the word because some synonyms can inject a different meaning than what was intended.
- Funny: humorous, comical, hilarious, hysterical
- Happy: content, joyful, mirthful, upbeat
- Kind: thoughtful, considerate, amiable, gracious
- True: genuine, factual, accurate, correct, real
Antonyms are words that have contrasting, or opposite, meanings. The word “antonym” is rooted in the Greek language. The Greek word anti means opposite, while onym means name. Opposite name – that makes sense! synonyms and antonyms are used every day by teachers, students, writers, editors, poets, and songwriters to add variety to writing.
Types of Antonyms
You may be interested to know that there are three different kinds of antonyms.
- Complementary Antonyms
- Relational Antonyms
- Graded Antonyms
Complementary antonyms have no middle ground.
- boy – girl
- pass – fail
- off – on
- push – pull
These are similar to complementary antonyms, except that both must exist for them to be antonyms of each other.
- above – below
- doctor – patient
- husband – wife
- servant – master
These antonyms deal with levels of comparison and they can be two words on a scale.
- young – elderly
- hard – easy
- happy – wistful
- wise – foolish