In India, the provision of clean drinking water has been given priority in the constitution, with article 47 confirming the duty of providing clean drinking water and improving Public health standards to the state. UN recognised the right of every human being to have to enough water for personal and domestic uses which must be safe acceptable and affordable.
Water is also in the main agenda item of the sustainable development goals. Sustainable development goals number 6 special focus on this article.
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Scientific management of water is increasingly recognised as being vital to India’s growth and ecosystem sustainability. The government of India is being proactive about water management and has created the new ministry of Jal Shakti, in which the earstwhile ministries of water resources and drinking water and sanitation will be merged, to consolidate interrelated functions pertaining to water management.
The water crisis in the 21st century has more to do with poor management then scarcity and stress. Water management normally refers to the government making decision to manage water system. Water governance include both internal and external process through which societies manage the water resources.
Today India is at an important juncture with SBM data showing more than 98% solution sanitation creation coverage and sanitation coverage in rural India.