Water and sanitation for healthy India – In India, the provision of clean drinking water has been given priority in the constitution. Article 47 conferring the duty of providing clean water and improving public health standards to the state. Water is also in the main agenda item of the sustainable development goals. Sustainable development goal 6 especially focuses on this issue:
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
Water is the most precious essential commodity in the lives of the human being and every human being has the right to have continuous availability of potable water. Continuous availability of potable water is one of the important parameter of human index.
Water and sanitation for healthy India
United nation recognise the water of every human being to have SS2 enough water for personal and domestic use which must be safe, acceptable and affordable. Emphasis has also been given to the fact that the water costs should not exceed 3% of the household income. Water is also the main agenda items of the sustainable development goals. Sustainable development goal number 6 specially focuses on this issue.
In India, the states must follow the duty under article 47 of the Indian constitution. Contaminated water and a lack of basic sanitation are undermining refers to extreme poverty and disease in the world’s poorest countries. In 2017, 2 billion people worldwide did not have access to basic sanitation facilities such as Twilight are latrines and 673 million people still practice open defecation.
According to UNICEF, a joint monitoring programme for water supply and sanitation at least 1.2 billion people worldwide are estimated to drink water that is not protected against contamination from faeces. Unclean water and poor sanitation are a leading cause of child mortality. Childhood Diarrhoea is closely associated with insufficient water supply inadequate sanitation water contamination with communicable disease agent and poor hygiene practices.
Diarrhoea is estimated to cost 1.5 million child deaths per year mostly among children under 5 years of age living in developing countries. The links between lack of water and sanitation access and the development goals are clear, and the solutions to the problem are known and cost effective.
Need for better water Governance
The water crisis in the 21st century has more to do with poor management that scarcity and stress. Water management normally refers to the government making decisions to minus water system. Water governance includes both internal and external processes through which society is manage their water resources.
According to the UN World water report (2006), the crisis of water is largely due to the failure of water governance, and for the sustainable water development aap water resources water governance should be given due priority.
In the span of just 15 years, an almost bankrupt poor-performing water utility was transformed into an efficient profitable tax-paying entity, providing 24 hours of uninterrupted water supply to the resident of the Cambodian capital. This was achieved by focusing on different aspects of water governance such as legal and regulatory aspects human resources cost recovery and financial sustainability the case of PPWSA can be relevant to India by educating the governance machinery in our rural and urban India managing the supply of water.